The Eora Global Supply Chain Database

The Eora global supply chain database consists of a multi-region input-output table (MRIO) model that provides a time series of high-resolution IO tables with matching environmental and social satellite accounts for 190 countries. The Eora MRIO features:

The Eora database is under continuing development. Data licenses and Eora-related services are available from KGM & Associates. Please contact us with your requests, comments, and questions:

Getting Data

Eora is free for academic use at degree-granting academic institutions. All other users must license the data. For information on licensing please see the licensing page

Eora is available in several formats:

Additionally, some applications and analyses built uing Eora (including the carbon footprint of nations and the UNCTAD/Eora Global Value Chain database) are available under the Applications menu.

Who uses Eora?

Eora has been used at Deloitte, KPMG, Ernst & Young, McKinsey Global Institute,, the European Commission, the IMF, the World Bank, and the UN. The database has been downloaded at over 800 universities. The main papers have received >1200 citations, and studies using Eora have appeared in Nature, Nature Climate Change, and PNAS, and been covered in Science, and Eora-based research has featured in the New York Times, Scientific American, TIME, the Washington Post, BBC, Le Monde, FAZ, and National Geographic.

Some reports using Eora include the following:

Global Value Chains and Development World World Investment Report 2013 African Economic Outlook 2014 Deloitte report UNEP report Balancing the G20's Global Impact


The documentation page contains a number of resources for learning about Eora and about MRIO analysis in general. We also maintain a list of Frequently Asked Questions. And of course, with further questions feel free to contact us at