The Eora Global Supply Chain Database
The Eora global supply chain database consists of a multi-region input-output table (MRIO) model that provides a time series of high-resolution IO
tables with matching environmental and social satellite accounts for 190 countries. The Eora MRIO features:
- a balanced global MRIO table documenting the inter-sectoral transfers amongst 15,909 sectors across 190 countries
- a complete timeseries for 1990-2022
- 2720 line item environmental indicators covering GHG emissions, labour inputs, air pollution, energy use, water requirements, land occupation, N and P emissions, primary inputs to agriculture (including 172 crops) from FAOSTAT, and Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity Full list
- a high-resolution version (full Eora) preserving national IO table detail, and a simplified verison (Eora26) with 26-sector harmonized classification
- raw data drawn from a wide range of national and international data sources
- reliability statistics for all results
Eora provides a free license for academic use at degree-granting academic institutions (see Licensing page for details). For information on getting a license to access the database please see the licensing page
Eora is available in several formats:
- Individual country IO tables
The individual country tables are available for download. These contain the domestic IO or SUT tables, for each country, primary input and final demand blocks, imports and exports itemized by partner, and environmental satellite accounts. Note that these tables have mixed structures so for analysis requiring comparisons across countries we recommend using the simplified Eora26 model.
This is a complete global MRIO table, plus environmental satellite account, in a harmonized 26-sector classification.
- Full Eora
This is the complete Eora MRIO table. Contains 5 margins (basic prices, trade margin, transport margin, taxes, and subsidies), mixed classification CIOT/IIOT/SUT tables, and full rectangular trade blocks. Only available to academic users with email registration; other users will need to purchase a license.
Additionally, some applications and analyses built uing Eora (including the carbon footprint of nations and the UNCTAD/Eora Global Value Chain database) are available under the Applications menu.
Who uses Eora?
Eora has been used at Deloitte, KPMG, Ernst & Young, McKinsey Global Institute, Amazon.com, the European Commission, the IMF, the World Bank, and the UN. The database has been downloaded at over 800 universities. The main papers have received >1200 citations, and studies using Eora have appeared in Nature, Nature Climate Change, and PNAS, and been covered in Science, and Eora-based research has featured in the New York Times, Scientific American, TIME, the Washington Post, BBC, Le Monde, FAZ, and National Geographic.
Some reports using Eora include the following: