The Eora Global Supply Chain Database

The Eora global supply chain database consists of a multi-region input-output table (MRIO) model that provides a time series of high-resolution IO tables with matching environmental and social satellite accounts for 190 countries. The Eora MRIO features:

  • a balanced global MRIO table documenting the inter-sectoral transfers amongst 15,909 sectors across 190 countries
  • a complete timeseries for 1990-2022
  • 2720 line item environmental indicators covering GHG emissions, labour inputs, air pollution, energy use, water requirements, land occupation, N and P emissions, primary inputs to agriculture (including 172 crops) from FAOSTAT, and Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity Full list
  • a high-resolution version (full Eora) preserving national IO table detail, and a simplified verison (Eora26) with 26-sector harmonized classification
  • raw data drawn from a wide range of national and international data sources
  • reliability statistics for all results

Getting Data

Eora provides a free license for academic use at degree-granting academic institutions (see Licensing page for details). For information on getting a license to access the database please see the licensing page

Eora is available in several formats:

Additionally, some applications and analyses built uing Eora (including the carbon footprint of nations and the UNCTAD/Eora Global Value Chain database) are available under the Applications menu.

Who uses Eora?

Eora is widely used in finance, corporate sustainability reporting, and public policy contexts. The database has been downloaded at over 800 universities. The main papers have received >2600 citations, and studies using Eora have appeared in Nature, Nature Climate Change, and PNAS, and been covered in Science, and Eora-based research has featured in the New York Times, Scientific American, TIME, the Washington Post, BBC, Le Monde, FAZ, and National Geographic.

Some reports using Eora include the following:

Global Value Chains and Development World World Investment Report 2013 African Economic Outlook 2014 Deloitte report UNEP report Balancing the G20's Global Impact


The documentation page contains a number of resources for learning about Eora and about MRIO analysis in general. We also maintain a list of Frequently Asked Questions. And of course, with further questions feel free to contact us at