UNCTAD-Eora Global Value Chain Database


The UNCTAD-Eora Global Value Chain (GVC) database offers global coverage (189 countries and a “Rest of World” region) and a timeseries from 1990 to 2019 of the key GVC indicators: foreign value added (FVA), domestic value added (DVA) and indirect value added (DVX). Results from 1990 to 2015 are generated from EORA Multi-Region Input-Output tables (MRIOs). Results for 2016-2019 are nowcasted based on the IMF World Economic Outlook.

To use these data, please refer to the methodological background paper:

Casella, B. , R. Bolwijn, D. Moran and K. Kanemoto (forthcoming). Improving the analysis of global value chains: the UNCTAD-Eora Database. Transnational Corporations 26(3). New York and Geneva: United Nations



Data Downloads


Values are in current year '000 USD unless otherwise specified.

1. Main GVC indicators by country, 1990 - 2019

Table reporting for each country the main GVC indicators for all available years: foreign value added (FVA), domestic value added (DVA) and indirect value added (DVX).




2. Country by country breakdown, 1990 - 2019

Country-by-country matrix reporting, for each exporting country, the value added contributed by all other countries in the world. Rows show the country originating the VA and columns show the country exporting that VA. Available for all years from 1990 to 2019. Downloadable as a binary .mat file (readable in MATLAB, Octave, Python, and R) or as a ZIP package with one CSV file per year.




3. For each country/sector of exports, VA contribution by each other country in the world, 1990 - 2015

Country by country/sector matrix reporting, for each country/sector of exports, the value added contributed by all other countries in the world. Rows show the country originating the VA and columns show the country/sector exporting that VA. Available for all years from 1990 to 2015. Downloadable as a ZIP package with one CSV file per year.




4. For each country of exports, VA contribution by each other country/sector in the world, 1990 - 2015

Country/sector by country matrix reporting, for each country of exports, the value contributed by all other country/sector in the world. Rows show the country/sector originating the VA and columns show the country exporting that VA. Available for all years from 1990 to 2015. Downloadable as a ZIP package with one CSV file per year.




5. Foreign value added by industry, 2015

Table reporting for each country/industry tuplet the share of foreign value added in export. Year 2015.




Other useful material

Where are more papers I can read to learn about how GVC is calculated?

In addition to the main paper linked above there are other papers which describe GVC analysis. For an introduction to the calculation of trade in value added based on the Eora Input-Ouput database, see the IMF Working Paper "Calculating Trade in Value Added" (Aslam et al., 2017). Another recommended introductory paper is "Mapping Global Value Chains" (De Backer & Miroudot, 2013). This latter paper includes the formula for calculating a GVC Participation Index.

Another site with a good introduction to GVC analysis and many resources is the Global Value Chain Initiative at Duke University.

Why do some countries have 0 values?

Due to insufficient data quality, the following countries should be excluded from this GVC analysis: Belarus, Benin, Burkina Faso, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guyana, Libya, Moldova, Serbia, Sudan, Yemen, Zimbabwe, Former USSR.

Diagnostic graphs

A number of diagnostic and quality check graphs are available here: Diagnostic quality check charts